by Igor Shevyrov(Ukraine)
(This post was originally posted on https://izvestia.kiev.ua/blog/show/84235)
The world ceased to be bipolar, but it still did not become multipolar. And even more so, did not become multi-partner.
Many international institutions were unable to respond effectively to contemporary international problems. For example, it was well marked by the way the international community was looking for ways to counter the financial crisis. International legal instruments ensuring international security do not work either.
The “Big Seven”, which includes developed postindustrial countries, does not cope with the functions of global governance. And the dynamic development of new centers of economic growth, observed in previous decades, widened the circle of subjects of global governance to twenty. But the “Big Twenty” for the role of “world government” also falls short, needing to improve the mechanisms of its influence.
The United Nations, which was created during the war, should also be ready for reform, but in the following decades it did not always work effectively for the sake of peace. The UN Security Council, which is the main body responsible for maintaining international security, also does not correspond to the logic of the modern world. In addition to the global level, there are also many security problems in the regions. So, in Europe – it does not cope with its OSCE functions. In Asia, the situation is even worse: there is no single system responsible for ensuring security. This was repeatedly stressed during the annual Singapore Dialogues of Shangri-La (an analogue of the Munich Conference on Security). And only now are attempts to create such a system. This is primarily about the US attempts to build a missile defense system in South Korea.
The law of international organizations in international law is considered a relatively young branch of law that originated in the XIX century. Accordingly, the lack of legal regulation, lack of codification, a lot of gaps, poor effectiveness in responding to certain life situations. However, in the future, under the influence of globalization, the role of international organizations in conflict resolution will grow. Accordingly, under the new conditions, the whole system of global governance needs to be reformed and needs to be reformed. Many international experts recently commented on this, analysts discussed during the World Summit on Global Governance in Dubai. The work of the summit was also attended by UN Secretary-General Antunes Guterres.
The new Secretary General disclosed plans to reform the Organization he leads.
“The UN should be flexible, effective, more focus on results and less focus on the process,” Antunes Guterres, the vector of future changes, pointed out.
Guterres outlined three main areas where the UN will focus first.
First, ensuring peace. For decades, the international community has attempted to resolve the “rules of war” (the Hague and Geneva Conventions), while peacekeeping was mainly aimed at separating the warring parties. It is necessary to shift the emphasis. Peacekeeping is not only a function of the UN, but of the entire international community. It is important to focus on the joint activities of states in peacekeeping. Moreover, not only peacekeeping as such, but post-conflict settlement is important. By the way, there are also increasing requirements for a new quality of diplomacy. And in general: it is important not only to resolve the conflict, but above all, preventive function, so that conflicts in the world do not arise at all. Previously, preventive functions in the work of international organizations were not sufficiently developed. Now the agenda of the international community is relevant initiatives, how to ensure peace. First of all, the Declaration of Peace and Prevention of Wars, which was initiated by the South Korean HWPL and united civil society in various countries, and now is the basis for the draft of the first international legal, legally binding law that will be submitted for consideration at the next session of the UN General Assembly . Mankind is tired of wars and is increasingly thinking about the mechanisms for ensuring peace. However, it is important not only to achieve peace, but also what the world will be like. This is the second priority in the work of Secretary General Guterres.
Secondly, the goals of sustainable development. International institutions should respond flexibly and quickly to crises, emerging threats and challenges. On the one hand, this is a guarantee of stability. On the other hand, increased stability, immunity in the event of crisis situations. We emphasize that this is a function not only of the political level (for example, the G-20), but also of international legal mechanisms (for example, the UN). “Trust the values that bind us, and trust the institutions that serve and protect us. Everything comes down to values. We want the peace that our children inherit will be determined by the values set forth in the UN Charter: peace, justice, respect, human rights, tolerance and solidarity, “the UN Secretary-General pointed out.
Third, the reform of internal management. The UN should get closer to people, in its work there should be less bureaucratic component. In addition, if you remove many bureaucratic “links”, it will also contribute to an operational response to conflict resolution. Including, for the settlement of the conflict in Ukraine, where it has long been time to open a permanent office of the UN Secretary General and significantly intensify peacekeeping activities, promoting various initiatives. In the end, in the work of the UN, conceptual clarity should appear.
… In general, General Antunes Guterres proposes to develop three directions in the work of the UN: peacekeeping, sustainable development strategy and humanitarian activities.